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Corbett (Uttranchal)
Corbett located in the Kumaon region in Uttranchal is surrounded with tourist spots like picturesque hill stations, wildlife, pilgrimages, and high-speed rivers all around. Some of the major destinations include Ranikhet, Sitabani, Garija Devi, Kalagarh Dam, and Kaladungi. These small retreats in the Corbett National Park offer sylvan atmosphere and spiritual isolation. Rampur, former princely town in Uttar Pradesh, has a great library having thousands of rare books and paintings.
Corbett National Park:
The Corbett National Park is a primal jungle as Rudyard Kipling put it. Despite extensive tourism, the park has managed to retain its primeval ambience, where man must walk timorously, in awe and with a strong sense of his own insignificance. more pictures....

Set up in 1936 as India's first national park and possibly the finest, the Corbett National Park was first delimited in consultation with that great hunter and conserver, Jim Corbett.

The park spans across some 920.9 square km at an altitude of 600 to 1100 metres about the foothills of the western Himalayas in the districts of Nainital and Pauri Garhwal in the state of Uttaranchal (formerly part of Uttar Pradesh).

In its eventful 64-year life, it has grown considerably in size and now includes the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary as a part of its 1,319 sq km of reserved forest area. Nestled in the foothills of the Himayals in the newly formed state of Uttaranchal Jim Corbett National Park is haven for wildlife lovers in India.Extended over an area of 520.82sq.km. with a varied landscape and rich bio diversity the national park is inhabited by a variety of animal species.

Flat valleys are interspersed with hilly ridges and the Park's rolling grasslands provide an excellent view of its rich eco system.

The Ramganga River along with The Kosi River which flow through the National Park are its lifeline . While dense stands of sal cloak the higher ridges, mixed deciduous forests are found throughout the Park,over 100 varieties of trees, 55 species of shrubs and over 30 kinds of bamboos and grasses are seen here.

With the highest density of tigers in the country Corbett National Park was chosen for the launch of the prestigious "Project Tiger" was launched in 1973. Four species of deer - hog deer, samber, chital and barking deer and other prey like the wild boar, are a part of the food chain for the elusive predator. Besides Tigers, Corbett National Park is a safe heaven for 50 mammals, 580 kinds of birds and 25 reptile species. The varied topography of the National park is playground for teh Asian Elephants, the Himalayan black bear , the Sloth bear, varieties of smaller felines, The endangered and dreaded Wild Dog and an entire spectrum of colourful birds including water birds, pheasants, jungle fowl and the Indian hornbill.

Visitors can also see the snouted Gharial and the Marsh Crocodiles bascking on the banks of Ramganga River. The River water is rich in the magnificent mahaseer - the finest sporting fish prized by anglers, though angling is not permitted inside the National Park but we do organise angling trips to the higher regions of the Ramganga river. Excellent connectivity and wildlife make Corbett one of the finest reserves in India.

  • Area: 600 sq km (core area of 322 km)
  • Altitude: 400 - 1200 meter above the sea level
  • Languages: English, Hindi
  • Best Time to Visit: February to May
  • STD Code 05945 (Ramnagar)
  • Annual rainfall: 1400-2800 mm.
  • Temperature range: 4°C in winter to 42°C during summer
Colonel Jim Corbett :
Colonel Jim Corbett was born at Nainital in 1875, the eighth child of Christopher and Mary Jane Corbett. His father was the postmaster of Nainital. He did his matriculation at Nainital's Philanders Smith College where he was admired by his masters for his modesty and retiring nature. He did not pursue his academics any further.

He spent his summers at Gurni House in Nainital while in winters he went down to Kaladhungi in the tarai jungles. It was here he was taught how to fire a gun by his eldest brother, to. Their bungalow in Kaladhungi was inside a dense forest in which a large variety of plants and animals found refuge. The abundance of wildlife in Nainital those days can be gauged from the fact that Jim spotted tigers and leopards within a six and a half-kilometer radius of the temple of the goddess Naini. As a result of living in such exotic and beautiful surroundings he developed a spontaneous affinity with nature.

At the tender age of ten he found himself addicted to hunting, he had shot his first leopard and would just pick up and train his gun on any wild animal he encountered in the Jungle. When he was eighteen he joined the railways at Mokama Ghat in Bihar working as fuel inspector and assistant station master. He then became a labour contarctor.

When the World War I broke in 1914, he took a batch of five hundred Kumaon labourers to France. He was good at recruiting and organizing labour and was able to make them work for him willingly. He also helped the British government by training allied soldiers in jungle warfare, he then hold the rank of lieutenant colonel. In 1920 after his health broke down he resigned from the job and returned to Nainital and for the next twenty-four years he served as an elected member of the Nainital municipal Board.

While serving in the railways at Mokama Ghat, he would spend his holidays at Kaladhungi. Shikar of course would claim most of his time, He had bagged two man eaters, a feat which made his name a house hold name in the far flung areas and long before he was known as a skilled jungle man leading Shikar parties for the dignitaries. It was during one such Shikar parties with three army officers the turning point came in the life of Jim - One a Shikar party somewhere in northern India they came upon a lake with thousands of water fowls. They were delighted to see the sight and shots rang echoing in the entire valley. In a matter of minutes their count stood at three hundred waterfowls. Jim could not stomach this sacrilege. From that day he developed an aversion to this type of Shikar. And while his friends were overjoyed Jim vowed never to kill a beast without a reason. After he had killed a man-eater known as the Kuara of Pawalgadh in the mid thirties he gave up Shikar as a sport. There after he shot only t hose tigers which had turned man-eaters or cattle lifters.

Jim considered it his duty to kill such dangerous animals, a duty he carried out faithfully till his last days. E killed his last man-eater when he was well past sixty In those days the terror of Man-eaters loomed heavy on the regions of Kumaon and Garwhal and Jim was the only man who had the guts to take on and kill such bloodthirsty beasts, endowed as he was with his superlative skills required for the job he killed man-eaters in their den, in open grassland, in dense forest and on rocky slopes. Some of his most famous encounters are published in his six books of which the man-eaters of Kumaon and The Man Eating Leopard of Rudra Prayag are well renowned.

After World War II he settled in Kenya with his sister Maggie. It was there that at the ripe age of eighty he passed away leaving behind a legacy which still reverberate in the valleys of Kumaon and Garwhal.

In all his years serving the cause of wildlife preservation and later deliverer of peace and tranquility in the man eater infested regions of Kumaon and Garwhal Jim became inherent with the wildlife conservation and the Indian Government in 1956 renamed the park - Corbett National Park in honour of Jim Corbett the powerful missionary for wildlife preservation in India. A fitting tribute to the White Saint.

Corbett has been a haunt for tourists and wildlife lovers for a long time. Tourism is allowed in selected areas of Corbett Tiger Reserve so that people get an opportunity to see its splendid landscape and the diverse wildlife living here. In recent years the number of people coming here has increased dramatically. Presently, every season more than 70,000 visitors come to the park from India and abroad.
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