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Wonders of the World - Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty is the National Monument located on a 12 acre Liberty Island in New York. It is the symbol of freedom and democracy. This exquisite monument was inaugurated on 28th of October 1886 by the President Grover Cleveland.

It was declared as the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 and it stands as enlightening the World. It was the gesture of friendship presented by France to United States.

The statue is of a female figure made of copper based on the suggestion of Eugene Viollet–le Duc. The technic of repousse is adopted in its carving. The statue holds a flaming torch high in her right hand, and the flame of the torch is coated with gold leaf. In her left hand a stone is held by her with the words of July IV MDCCLXXVI, (July 4, 1776) embedded on it. This date is to commemorate the Independence of the United States.

The foundation of the statue is in the eleven pointed star shape. The pedestal is of rectangular stonework. The statue is 151’1” tall. From the foundation to the pedestal, the height is 154 feet. Inside the statue there are 354 steps and 25 windows in the crown which includes jewels beneath the seven rays of the diadem.

The Statue of Liberty represents the ancient Rome’s goddess, Libertas who is a goddess of freedom from slavery, oppression and tyranny. It is for the same reason the statue of liberty holds obviously classical appearance (stola, sandals, countenance and expression). There are also broken shackles lie at her feet.

The United States Information Agency (USIA) has stated that the seven spikes in the crown represent the seven seas and seven continents. The torch signifies enlightenment. The statue is also called as the Lady Liberty. Since 1903, it is associated with Emma Lazarus's poem "The New Colossus" and obtained a new meaning as a symbol of welcome to immigrants.

Design:

The statue was designed by a young French sculptor, Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, who was striving to build a statue like the great Colossus that once stood at the Greek island Rhodos. The statue's face was modeled after his mother's and the story goes that the body was modeled after a prostitute. The steel framework was made by Gustave Eiffel, who also built the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

Construction:

The Statue of Liberty was constructed in Paris, France and sent to the USA in 214 crates. The biggest and most embarrassing problem was the construction of the pedestal, which had to be paid for by the Americans themselves.

The statue's torch was displayed in Madison Square park for six years in an attempt to spark interest and attract funds. But it was only after publisher Joseph Pulitzer published the names of those who donated money for the project that the funds started flowing in. Eventually, the statue was erected 10 years late, in 1886.

The Statue:

The Statue of Liberty is 46,5 meter (151ft) high and together with the pedestal it reaches 93 meter (305ft). You can take the staircase inside the statue and walk all the way up the 354 steps to the crown from where you have a nice view over New York City.

If you want to enter either the pedestal or the monument's crown it is best to reserve tickets well in advance. For more info on how to get tickets to enter the Statue of Liberty, take a look at this website.
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